Chicago Landmarks

Site of the Haymarket Tragedy

Artist's Rendering of Explosion     Address: 151-199 N. Desplaines St.
Year Built: Event occurred May 4, 1886
Date Designated a Chicago Landmark: March 25, 1991

Circular for May 4, 1886 meeting in Haymarket Square A decade of strife between labor and industry culminated here in a confrontation that resulted in the tragic death of both workers and policemen. On May 4, 1886, spectators at a labor rally had gathered around the mouth of Crane's Alley (east side of Desplaines, just north of Randolph), named for an industrial plant that stands east of the site. A contingent of police approaching on Desplaines Street were met by a bomb thrown from just south of the alley. The resultant trial of eight activists gained worldwide attention for the labor movement, and initiated the tradition of "May Day" labor rallies in many cities.